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Hein/Hine/Hines Family

The Hines family traces its roots back to 16th century Germany.  The first verified ancestor is Johann Jacob Hein, who was born in Sep 1713.  Many researchers record that he was the son of Johann Jost Hein and Ann Elisabeth Toller, though I have never seen records to support this.  Johann came to America in 1753, settling first in Broadbay, New England (now a part of Maine), with the Moravians who settled the area.  He migrated south to North Carolina in 1773, settling in the Friedland area, which is now part of Winston-Salem.  Johann’s children remained in the Friedland area, many purchasing land and farming.  Descendants of Johann remain in the Stokes/Forsyth/Davidson County area to this day.  Johann’s son, Jacob William Hein, purchase land just south of Friedland near the present town of Wallburg, and became the patriarch of the Davidson County Hines’.  The family began to spread out in the early 1800s, when 3 sons of Jacob William moved to Virginia; Jacob Heinrich to Grayson County, and Frederick and Cornelius to Wythe County.    Jacob William’s son John inherited much of his father’s land near Wallburg, and continued to add more land until he eventually owned some 400 acres, making him one of the prominent land owners in northern Davidson County.  The Hines’ largely remained in Davidson County until 1868 when, Daniel Hines, the second son Solomon Hine (the grandson of Jacob William and son of John Hine) headed west to Illinois, settling in the Plymouth area, in southern McDonough, County.  He was joined a couple of years later by his brothers John Lumsdon and Adam Wesley in 1871.  John and Wes headed further west to Neosho County, Kansas in 1878.  Today, you can still find Hines’ in North Carolina, Virginia, Illinois, and Kansas, but with the exception of those in the Wallburg and High Point communities in North Carolina, the majority of the family has moved on and are spread throughout the country. 

Throughout the history of the Hines family, the surname has changed several times.  Many genealogist who trace the family line back to 16th century Germany record the original surname as Heun (pronounced Hoyn).  I have not confirmed that there was a definite name change, as I have not researched any German records, however, the use of Hein reportedly started with Johann Jost Hein in the early 1600s.  Moravian records use the name Hein for Johann Jacob and his children, particularly Jacob William, who is buried at Friedland Moravian Cemetery.  The name Heynin also appears in the Moravian records, both as the last name on the grave of Anna Margaretha, Jacob’s second wife, and in the burial records for Jacob and Anna’s second daughter, Anna Eva, who married John Kaske and is buried in the Nazareth Moravian Cemetery in Pennsylvania. These instances are most likely transcription errors, rather than actual use of the name Heynin.  The name Hine came into use in the early 1800s.  The adoption of this name change most likely comes from the appearance in public records as the anglicized spelling of the German spelled Hein.  Census and county records are very inconsistent throughout the early 19th century, with families listed as Hein, Hine, and in some instances Hines.  It is apparent that some families adopted the change to Hine or Hines, while others held on to the original spelling and use it to this day.  The next change came around the mid-1800s to the regular use of Hines.  During this time, there were strong feelings throughout the country toward immigrants.  Many German, Scandinavian, other European families anglicized their names.  The German sounding name Hine or Hein would be changed to Hines, an English name, or the Dutch Sheetz changed to the English surname Sheets.  It is hard to understand why a family that was native born for 3 generations would feel the need to change, but it was however quite common.  For the sake of simplicity, I generally stick with the commonly used practice of using Hein for the first 2 generations starting with Johann Jacob, Hine for the 3rd and 4th generations and Hines for all subsequent generations.  Exceptions are made in cases when multiple historic records use a different spelling, or the person personally signed his name.



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